Panamá planea el próximo quinquenio

Las entidades que más presupuestos de inversión tendrán sERÁn El Ministerio de Obras Públicas (US$ 2,959 millones), Empresa del Metro (US$2,671 millones) y Salud (US$1,756 millones). Por Alma Solís – ANPanamá Para el próximo quinquenio el gobierno panameño ha destinado cerca de US$ 19.500 millones para proyectos de inversión, los […]

Las entidades que más presupuestos de inversión tendrán sERÁn El Ministerio de Obras Públicas (US$ 2,959 millones), Empresa del Metro (US$2,671 millones) y Salud (US$1,756 millones).

Por Alma Solís – ANPanamá

Para el próximo quinquenio el gobierno panameño ha destinado cerca de US$ 19.500 millones para proyectos de inversión, los cuales quedarán planteados en el Plan Estratégico de Gobierno a cinco años denominado “Un solo país”, el cual será dado a conocer en los próximos días.
Dentro de este documento se contemplan una serie de proyectos basados en las proyecciones macroeconómicas del país. Allí se destaca que las entidades que tendrán más presupuestos de inversión en el próximo quinquenio serán: Ministerio de Obras Públicas US$2,959 millones, Empresa del Metro US$2,671 millones, Salud US$1,756 millones, Presidencia US$1,407 millones, Vivienda US$1,339 millones, Ministerio de Desarrollo Social US$1,176 millones y Educación US$1,085 millones.

En el caso de los proyectos contemplados son en su mayoría de corte sociales y son Panamá Bilingue,Techos de Esperanzas y ampliación y mejoras de acueductos y alcantarillados, estos representarían el 55% de presupuesto destinado a inversión. Otras obras que se destacan son la finalización de la linea 1 del Metro de Panamá, la construcción de la linea 2 y el cuarto puente por el Canal de Panamá.

Deuda

El gobierno ha dicho que tendrá un manejo prudente de las finanzas públicas, lo que está planteado en el objetivo de reducir gradualmente la carga del endeudamiento hasta el 33,8% del PIB en 2019.
La deuda pública se estaría situando en US$26 mil millones, tal como lo confirmará el ministro de Economía y Finanzas, Dulcidio De La Guardia a la Agencia de Noticias Panamá (ANPanamá),
Al cierre del 2015 y el 2016 se estarían dando los mayores incrementos, tomando el cierre del 2014 que fue de US$18,230 millones, al cierre del año en curso cerraría con US$1,899 millones más, quedando en US$20,129 millones, y pasaría a cerrar el 2016 con US$22,291 millones, esto es un incremento de US$2,162 millones. Porcentualmente la variación será 10,4% y 10,7% respectivamente.
Los siguientes tres años la deuda Pública en Panamá aumentaría US$1,505 millones (6,7%), US$1,107 millones (4,6%)y US$1.223 millones (4,9%).
Sin embargo, la relación con el Producto Interno Bruto (PIB), iría disminuyendo durante este quinquenio a 38,3%, 38,5%, 37,3%, 35,4% y finalmente se colocaría en 33,8%. Esto se lograría de acuerdo con la expectativa de crecimiento que tiene el MEF sobre la economía que indica que PIB evolucionará de la siguiente forma: para el año 2015 se colocará en US$52.565 millones en el 2016 sería US$57.941 millones, 2017 pasará a US$63.867 millones y US$70.399 millones para el 2018. Para el 2019 ya estaría colocándose en US$77.225 millones.
Ingresos
Una parte importante en la ecuación son los ingresos, especialmente los que se obtendrían de un Canal ampliado. La administración del Canal de Panamá espera que para el primer trimestre del 2016 este abierta la nueva ruta al comercio mundial. Para el 2015 los aportes proyectados de la vía marítima son de US$960 millones y pasarían a US$1.000 millones en el 2016. Para los dos siguientes años aumentarían a US$1.530 millones y US$1.830 millones, mientras que para el 2019 los aportes del Canal de Panamá generarían al Estado US$1.930 millones. En ninguno de estos años el porte supera el 3,5% por lo cual no se espera aportes al Fondo de Ahorro de Panamá (FAP) para esta administración, tal como se tenía previsto.
Los ingresos esperados para el sector Publico No Financiero son de US$10.774 millones al cierre del 2015 y US$11.698 millones para el 2016. Los siguientes años, 2017 y 2018, será de US$13.132 millones y US$14.443 millones. En 2019 se esperan que entren a las arcas US$15.448 millones en ingresos totales.
El déficit según el calculo que presentó el MEF es que iría bajando gradualmente hasta llegar a 0,5%.
Cabe destacar que en abril de 2015 se debe hacer una revisión de marco fiscal a mediano plazo y podría tener incidencia en el planquinquenal.

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Panamá planea el próximo quinquenio

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